The term Employment Law covers a wide range of issues related to employer-worker relationship. It is also commonly referred to as Labor or labor law. It covers the body of laws, restrictions and stjórnsýslusviði example dealing with the rights of working people as well as restrictions on the employer and employee.
The basic feature of employment law in almost all countries of the rights and obligations of the employer and employee relationship fall and transmitted through an agreement between the two. However, many of the terms and conditions of the contract and included in legislation and practice. In the United States, the majority of state laws allow for employment “at will”, meaning that an employer can terminate an employee for any reason, as long as the reason is not illegal reason.
One of the most common employment law incorporated in most countries around the world is the minimum wage law. Minimum wage is the lowest paid employee can be paid as determined by the forces of supply and demand in a free market. This acts as a price floor.
The United States was the first country to employ the minimum wage in 1938. This was followed by India in 1948, France in 1950 and Britain in 1998. In the European Union 18 of the 25 states have a minimum wage law.
Another common employment law is the Working Time Act. This is not only regulates time adult is allowed to work, but also the amount of time children can work. This also includes a mandate for the amount of leave shall give the employees.
In the United States, wages and Hours Act of 1938 set Maximim standard working week to 44 hours and in 1950, this was reduced to 40 hours. Despite this law, there are some jobs that require more than 40 hours to complete the projects in time. For example, if you are a competent employee, you can work over 72 hours a week, if you want. However, you can not claim that.
This law is common law employment in use today. However, there are dozens of other laws that control and protect employer and employee.